Ramadan or Ramzan

From Wiki:Ramadan

In the Qur’an,the fasting is mentioned:

يَا أَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
  • O those who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as were enjoined upon those before so that you be God-fearing.[Qur’an 2:183]

Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and the month in which the Qur’an was revealed. Ramadan is the holiest of months in the Islamic calendar.

Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. The month is spent by Muslims fasting during the daylight hours from dawn to sunset. Fasting during this month is often thought figuratively to burn away all sins. Muslims believe that the Qur’an was sent down to the lowest heaven during this month thus being prepared for gradual revelation by angel Gibril (Gabriel) to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Furthermore, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told his followers that the gates of Heaven would be open all the month and the gates of Hell would be closed.

Many Muslims insist on the local physical sighting of the moon to mark the beginning of Ramadan, but others use the calculated time of the new moon or the Saudi Arabian declaration to determine the start of the month. Since the new moon is not in the same state at the same time globally, the beginning and ending dates of Ramadan depend on what lunar sightings are received in each respective location. As a result, Ramadan dates vary in different countries. Each year, Ramadan begins circa eleven days earlier than in the previous year.

Laylat al-Qadr is observed during one of the last five odd numbered days of the month. Muslims believe that this night which is also known as The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. This is often interpreted as praying throughout this night is rewarded equally with praying for a thousand months (just over 83 years i.e. a lifetime). Many Muslims spend the entire night in prayer.

According to Sunni belief this night is either the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th night, with the 27th night being most probable, though it is accepted that it could have been any of these nights and the actual specific night was intentionally withheld.

Wikipedia:Sawm or fasting or Roza or Puasa

Sawm (Arabic: صوم‎) is an Arabic word for fasting regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. In the terminology of Islamic law, Sawm means “to abstain from eating, drinking or seeing what is against Islam, the saying of rude language”. The observance of sawm during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, but is not confined to that month.

Etymology

  1. Ṣawm is derived from Syriac: ܨܘܡܐ ṣawmā. Literally, it means “to abstain”, cognates to Hebrew tsom.
  2. For example, the Muslims of Afghanistan, India, Iran, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan use the word rozah/roza/roja which comes from the Indo-Iranian language of Dari.
  3. In Turkey, Sawm is called oruç (compare Kyrgyz öröz),
  4. while the Malay community in Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore call it puasa, which is derived from Sanskrit, upvaasa. Puasa is also used in Indonesia, Southern Thailand and Southern Philippines.
  5. Interestingly, the word is also found in the Maltese language.

Muslims are prohibited from_

  1. eating,
  2. drinking,
  3. smoking,
  4. and engaging in sexual intercourse
  5. Also one must try to avoid cursing and thinking evil thoughts.
  6. Fasting is also viewed as a means of controlling one’s desires (of hunger, thirst, sexuality, anger) and focusing more on devoting oneself to God.

from dawn (fajr) to sunset (maghrib).

  • Fasting is essentially an attempt to seek nearness to Allah and increase one’s piety.
  • One of the remote aims of fasting is to sympathize with those less fortunate ones who do not always have food and drink readily available.
  • Sawm also carries a significant spiritual meaning. It teaches one the principle of love: because when one observes Fasting, it is done out of deep love for God.

Benefits of fasting

  1. Fasting inculcates a sense of fraternity and solidarity,
  2. as Muslims can feel and experience that which needy and hungry humans feel.
  3. However, even the poor, needy, and hungry participate in the fast.
  4. Moreover, Ramadan is a month of giving charity and sharing meals to break the fast together, the latter offering more reward than if eating alone.
  5. Most importantly, the fast is also seen as a great sign of obedience by the believer to Allah.
  6. Faithful observance of the Sawm is believed to atone for personal faults and misdeeds and to help earn a place in paradise.

Sawm is intended to teach believers_

  1. patience and self-control in their personal conduct,
  2. to help control passions and temper,
  3. to provide time for meditation and to strengthen one’s faith.
  4. Fasting also serves the purpose of cleansing the inner soul and freeing it of harm.
  5. The objectives of the fast is to inculcate taqwa (God-consciousness) in a believer.

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