Labeling someone with a Racial Slur, ‘Kalar’ is Racial profiling or Racial Prejudice

Labeling or describing someone or something in a word or short phrase e.g. as KALA is known as Racial Prejudice and could also called Racial profiling or Racial stereotyping or Ethnic stereotyping. Source From Wikipedia  

Racial derogatory words or Racial Slur or Ethnic slurs From Wikipedia ethnic slurs (ethnophaulisms) that are, or have been, used as insinuations or allegations about members of a given ethnicity or to refer to them in a derogatory (critical or disrespectful), pejorative (disapproving or contemptuous), or insulting manner in the English-speaking world. An ethnic slur is a term or word[s] used to insult on the basis of race, ethnicity, or nationality.

Racial profiling is the inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is considered likely to commit a particular type of crime or an illegal act or to behave in a “predictable” manner. … the use of race (and often nationality or religion) to identify a person as a suspect or potential suspect. Racial profiling is one of the ways that racism is manifested and perpetuated.

Racial Profiling Is Wrong and Will Not Be Tolerated

Racial profiling sends the dehumanizing message to our citizens that they are judged by the color of their skin and harms the criminal justice system by eviscerating the trust that is necessary if law enforcement is to effectively protect our communities.

 __America Has a Moral Obligation to Prohibit Racial Profiling. Race-based assumptions in law enforcement perpetuate negative racial stereotypes that are harmful to our diverse democracy, and materially impair our efforts to maintain a fair and just society. As Attorney General John Ashcroft said, racial profiling creates a “lose-lose” situation because it destroys the potential for underlying trust that “should support the administration of justice as a societal objective, not just as a law enforcement objective.”

The United Nations use the definition of racial discrimination laid out in the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, adopted in 1966:

…any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, color, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.(Part 1 of Article 1 of the U.N. International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination)[25]

In 2001, the European Union explicitly banned racism along with many other forms of social discrimination in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the legal effect of which, if any, would necessarily be limited to Institutions of the European Union: “Article 21 of the charter prohibits discrimination on any ground such as race, color, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, disability, age or sexual orientation and also discrimination on the grounds of nationality.”

Historical economic or social disparity is alleged to be a form of discrimination which is caused by past racism and historical reasons, affecting the present generation through deficits in the formal education and kinds of preparation in the parents’ generation, and, through primarily unconscious racist attitudes and actions on members of the general population.

As an ideology, racism existed during the 19th century as “scientific racism“, which attempted to provide a racial classification of humanity.[27] Although such racist ideologies have been widely discredited after World War II and the Holocaust, racism and of racial discrimination have remained widespread all over the world.

It was already noted by DuBois that, in making the difference between races, it is not race that we think about, but culture: “…a common history, common laws and religion, similar habits of thought and a conscious striving together for certain ideals of life”  SOURCE: Wikipedia    

State racism refers to a type of institutional racism promoted by a government. Examples include Apartheid in South Africa, Jewish-Non-Jewish segregation in Israel, and racial segregation in the United States, as well as any systemic or community-based racism in local, state or federal law enforcement (see also racial profiling).

Institutional racism is the differential access to the goods, services, and opportunities of society. When the differential access becomes integral to institutions, it becomes common practice, making it difficult to rectify. Eventually, this racism dominates public bodies, private corporations, and public and private universities, and is reinforced by the actions of conformists and newcomers. Another difficulty in reducing institutionalized racism is that there is no sole, true identifiable perpetrator. When racism is built into the institution, it appears as the collective action of the population.

 

Human Rights IGNORANT STUPID people handling this site.

No.1 စိတ္ဓါတ္ျမွင့္တင္ေရး သင္တန္း၏ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဗုဒၶသာသနာကို ဖ်က္ဆီးေနတဲ့ ကုလားဘုန္းႀကီး တစ္ဦး ရန္ကုန္ၿမဳိ႕တြင္း စည္း႐ံုးသိမ္းသြင္းျခင္မ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ေနၾကာင္းသိရသည္။ ကုလား ဘုန္းႀကီး၏ ဘြဲ႕အမည္ကို ဆရာေတာ္ အရွင္ Eiddidpala ဟု ေပးထားသည္။ ကုလားဘုန္းႀကီးမွ No.1 စိတ္ဓါတ္ျမွင့္တင္ေရး သန္းတန္းသားဦးေရ တိုးပြါးေရးအတြက္ လူ တစ္ေယာက္ကေန ၅ ေယာက္ စည္း႐ံုးေပးၾကဖို႔ စည္း႐ံုးသိမ္းသြင္း ေျပာၾကားေနေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။

“သကၤန္းဝတ္ထားလို႔ ဘုန္းႀကီးလို႔ သာေခၚရတယ္။ သူ႕လုပ္ရပ္ေတြက က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဗုဒၶဘာသာနဲ႔ တျခားစီပဲ။ ေဟာၾကားခ်က္ေတြထဲမွာ သာဓုမေခၚနဲ႕ ဘုန္းဘုန္းက လက္ခုပ္တီးတာပဲ ၾကိဳက္တယ္တဲ့။ သင္တန္းသားေတြကို အဆိပ္ထုတ္တဲ့ အေနနဲ႔ တ႐ုတ္သီခ်င္းဖြင့္ၿပီး ကခိုင္းတယ္။ သင္တန္းသားေတြက လူႀကီးေတြပါပါတယ္။ သူတို႔လည္း လိုက္ကၾကတာပဲ။ ဘယ္လုိေတြလဲမသိဖူးဗ်ာ ၾကည့္ရ အေတာ္ဆိုးတယ္။”ဟု ရန္ကုန္ၿမဳိခံ တစ္ဦးက ေျပာျပသည္။

 ဗုဒၶဘာသာကို ညိဳးႏြမ္းေအာင္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနသာ ကုလားဘုန္းႀကီးအား စစ္အုပ္စုအာဏပိုင္မ်ားမွ အေရးယူ ထိန္းသိမ္းျခင္းမ်ိဳးမရွိသည့္ အျပင္ အားေပးကူညီေနေသာေၾကာင့္ သဃာေတာ္မ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည္သူလူထုမွ အလြန္စိတ္ေသာက ျဖစ္ေနၾကေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။ ၂၀၀၇ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ ကုန္ေစ်းႏႈန္းက်ဆင္းေရးအတြက္ သံဃာေတာ္ေတြ ေမတၱာပို႔ လမ္းေလွ်ာက္ျခင္းအား စစ္အုပ္စုအာဏပိုင္မ်ားမွ အျပင္းအထန္ အတင္းႏွိမ္နင္း သတ္ဖ်က္ပစ္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

ေၾကးမံုသတင္းစာပါ ေၾကာ္ျငာ

Kalar may have a good history or meaning but since General Ne Win’s anti-Muslim campaign calling the Muslim citizens of Burma as Kalar-dain, Mi ma sit _Pha ma sit meaning Bustards, Kalar gained especially negative connotations when referring to Burmese Muslims during this time. (Ref; Wikipedia_ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Myanmar #cite_note-irrawaddy-135http://www.irrawaddy.org/aviewer.asp?a=5380&z=102

Thein Pe Myint wrote in the Bo Tahtaung that ancient Kalars were good; given religion, culture, language etc to Bamas but presents Kalars are bad …bla, bla..bla. explain the propaganda warfare against us, Bama-Muslims.

We cannot call a Black man Black or Negro in the West.

See_ We cannot call a Jew man, Abbie, Abe, and Abie although it may sound innocent and afterall it came from the proper name Abraham.

Just read this from Wikipedia: Stages of genocide and efforts to prevent it http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide#Stages_of_genocide_and_efforts_to_prevent_it

For genocide to happen, there must be certain preconditions. Foremost among them is a national culture that does not place a high value on human life. A totalitarian society, with its assumed superior ideology, is also a precondition for genocidal acts. In addition, members of the dominant society must perceive their potential victims as less than fully human: as “pagans,” “savages,” “uncouth barbarians,” “unbelievers,” “effete degenerates,” “ritual outlaws,” “racial inferiors,” “class antagonists,” “counterrevolutionaries,” and so on. In themselves, these conditions are not enough for the perpetrators to commit genocide. To do that—that is, to commit genocide—the perpetrators need a strong, centralized authority and bureaucratic organization as well as pathological individuals and criminals. Also required is a campaign of vilification and dehumanization of the victims by the perpetrators, who are usually new states or new regimes attempting to impose conformity to a new ideology and its model of society.[60]

M. Hassan Kakar

Stage Characteristics Preventive measures
1.
Classification
People are divided into “us and them”. “The main preventive measure at this early stage is to develop universalistic institutions that transcend… divisions.”
2.
Symbolization
“When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups…” “To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden as can hate speech“.
3.
Dehumanization
“One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects or diseases.” “Local and international leaders should condemn the use of hate speech and make it culturally unacceptable. Leaders who incite genocide should be banned from international travel and have their foreign finances frozen.”
4.
Organization
“Genocide is always organized… Special army units or militias are often trained and armed…” “The U.N. should impose arms embargoes on governments and citizens of countries involved in genocidal massacres, and create commissions to investigate violations”
5.
Polarization
“Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda…” “Prevention may mean security protection for moderate leaders or assistance to human rights groups…Coups d’état by extremists should be opposed by international sanctions.”
6.
Preparation
“Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity…” “At this stage, a Genocide Emergency must be declared. …”

 

You see_calling Kala could be regarded as stage 1 but depends on the interpretation, it could be Stage 6.

For Rohingyas ? no comment. Because labeling them as Kalas, Bengalis, foreigners…lead to annihilation of Rohingyas.

7.
Extermination
“It is “extermination” to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human.” “At this stage, only rapid and overwhelming armed intervention can stop genocide. Real safe areas or refugee escape corridors should be established with heavily armed international protection.”
8.
Denial
“The perpetrators… deny that they committed any crimes…” “The response to denial is punishment by an international tribunal or national courts”

 

Racial derogatory words or Ethnic slurs are, or have been, used as insinuations or allegations about members of a given ethnicity or to refer to them in a derogatory (critical or disrespectful), pejorative (disapproving or contemptuous), or insulting manner in the English-speaking world. For the purposes of this list, an ethnic slur is a term or word[s] used to insult on the basis of race, ethnicity, or nationality. Each term is listed followed by its country or region of usage, a definition, and a reference to that term.

Ethnic slurs may also be produced by combining a general-purpose insult with the name of ethnicity, such as “dirty Arab”, “dirty Jew”, “Russian pig”, etc. Other common insulting modifiers include “dog”, “filthy”, etc. Such terms are not included in this list.

Related are the immigration slurs: while not necessarily targeting a particular ethnicity or race, they point at a “non-native” descent of the person.

Ref:Wikipedia, List of ethnic slurs  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ethnic_slurs#N

 

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2 Responses to “Labeling someone with a Racial Slur, ‘Kalar’ is Racial profiling or Racial Prejudice”

  1. nyiwin Says:

    Racial discrimination is one of mankind’s inherent behaviors that are wrong and should be prevented both legally and morally.
    However, as it is one’s inborn traits to be “birds of the same feather flock together” and to look with suspicion at others not of the same flock, and the fact that some / many unscrupulous politicians use it as a means to get support, it cannot be done away 100%
    The not so distant Apartheid, the Ku Klux Klan and the Australian “2 Wongs do not make a White” policies have been officially done away, but mankind’s fear and prejudices still exist and are difficult to banish.
    Regarding the word Kalarr, it is recorded as being used as a descriptive word since Bagan times, if not earlier, and did not seem to have have any discriminative meaning at the time. There are also words “KalaKya. Minn”, “Kalarr Minthamee” etc.
    The word KalaPae, used since Bagan times still does not have any discriminative usage. So also are the words Kalarr Kokko, Kalarr KinPunThee, Kalarr Tamar, etc. (I do not know when their usage began).
    It is regrettable that such an non-discriminative word have been used in a way that has now become discriminative and people of Indian race are no longer called Kalarr, but EinDiYa race in official records.
    It is a sad thing.

  2. မေကာင္း ျဗဲမေခါင္းခ် or Indian used to become a Scapegoat in a Blame and Shame game in Myanmar « Dr Ko Ko Gyi’s Blog Says:

    […] Labeling someone with a Racial Slur, ‘Kalar’ is Racial profiling or Racial Prejudice (drkokogyi.wordpress.com) […]

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