My wife and I R FIRST Gen Migrants. My eldest son Zin is 1.5 Gen Migrant, daughter is 1.75 Generation Immigrant. But the youngest son is the Second Gen Migrant and Grand-children R 3 rd. Generation Migrants here. But they are no more regarded as migrants but native-children of the soil (Bumiputra) according to the Malaysian Constitution.
I think for Myanmars…Colonial Generation, Prime Minister U Nu’s Democracy Generation, Ne Win era Generation, 8888 SPDC SLORC Generation, or NLD Generation may be more appropriate. And the PRESENT “open market” “fake democracy” ‘fake civilian gov”…And for the Muslims…Racist Islamophobic 969 Ultra Nationalist Generation, Refugee Generation and Rohingya Genocide Generation for Rohingyas.
Or Pre TV, Pre Colour Photo, Pre VCR, Pre Computer, Pre IT Generation….Blogs Generation, FB Generation and Twitter Gen…may be more appropriate.
Even although most of the Muslims of Myanmar are more than 10th Generation Migrants…we are unfairly treated as first gen migrants. Rohingyas who had even stayed few hundred to thousand of years are unfairly treated as illegal immigrants and are suffering from Slow Genocide. They were even NOT ALLOWED TO USE their racial name, ROHINGYA.
May be…legal migrants, non-documented migrants (Taung Kyaw or crossed over the hill ..i.e border) Over stayers, UNHCR migrants before and after resettlement…
What R U?
Generation X or Y or Z?
Generation X. Born: 1966-1976. Coming of Age: 1988-1994
Generation Y, Echo Boomers or Millenniums
Born: 1977-1994. Coming of Age: 1998-2006
Born: 1995-2012. Coming of Age: 2013-2020
READ ALL HERE @ Generations X,Y, Z and the Others – Cont’d by William J. Schroer
Coming of Age: 1988-1994
Age in 2004: 28 to 38
Current Population: 41 million
Sometimes referred to as the “lost” generation, this was the first generation of “latchkey” kids, exposed to lots of daycare and divorce. Known as the generation with the lowest voting participation rate of any generation, Gen Xers were quoted by Newsweek as “the generation that dropped out without ever turning on the news or tuning in to the social issues around them.”
Gen X is often characterized by high levels of skepticism, “what’s in it for me” attitudes and a reputation for some of the worst music to ever gain popularity. Now, moving into adulthood William Morrow (Generations) cited the childhood divorce of many Gen Xers as “one of the most decisive experiences influencing how Gen Xers will shape their own families”.
Gen Xers are arguably the best educated generation with 29% obtaining a bachelor’s degree or higher (6% higher than the previous cohort). And, with that education and a growing maturity they are starting to form families with a higher level of caution and pragmatism than their parents demonstrated. Concerns run high over avoiding broken homes, kids growing up without a parent around and financial planning.
Generation Y, Echo Boomers or Millenniums
Coming of Age: 1998-2006
Age in 2004: 10 to 22
Current Population: 71 million
The largest cohort since the Baby Boomers, their high numbers reflect their births as that of their parent generation..the last of the Boomer Is and most of the Boomer II s. Gen Y kids are known as incredibly sophisticated, technology wise, immune to most traditional marketing and sales pitches…as they not only grew up with it all, they’ve seen it all and been exposed to it all since early childhood.
Gen Y members are much more racially and ethnically diverse and they are much more segmented as an audience aided by the rapid expansion in Cable TV channels, satellite radio, the Internet, e-zines, etc.
Gen Y are less brand loyal and the speed of the Internet has led the cohort to be similarly flexible and changing in its fashion, style consciousness and where and how it is communicated with.
Gen Y kids often raised in dual income or single parent families have been more involved in family purchases…everything from groceries to new cars. One in nine Gen Yers has a credit card co-signed by a parent.
Coming of Age: 2013-2020
Age in 2004: 0-9
Current Population: 23 million and growing rapidly
While we don’t know much about Gen Z yet…we know a lot about the environment they are growing up in. This highly diverse environment will make the grade schools of the next generation the most diverse ever. Higher levels of technology will make significant inroads in academics allowing for customized instruction, data mining of student histories to enable pinpoint diagnostics and remediation or accelerated achievement opportunities.
Gen Z kids will grow up with a highly sophisticated media and computer environment and will be more Internet savvy and expert than their Gen Y forerunners. More to come on Gen Z…stay tuned.
Next time we will start to take a more in-depth look at the most significant and impactful of the generational cohorts and what implications there might be for libraries and librarians.
Baby boomers are people born during the demographic Post–World War II baby boom between the years 1946 and 1964. Read all in Wikipedia @ Baby boomers
Baby boomers’ impact on history and culture….
An indication of the importance put on the impact of the boomer was the selection by Time magazine of the Baby Boom Generation as its 1966 “Man of the Year”. As Claire Raines points out in Beyond Generation X, “never before in history had youth been so idealized as they were at this moment”. When Generation X came along it had much to live up to in this author’s opinion.
Boomers are often associated with counterculture, the civil rights movement and the feminist cause of the 1970s.
The Baby Boomers are the generation that was born following World War II, generally from 1943 up to the early 1960s, a time that was marked by an increase in birth rates. The baby boom has been described variously as a “shockwave” and as “the pig in the python”. In general, baby boomers are associated with a rejection or redefinition of traditional values; however, many commentators have disputed the extent of that rejection, noting the widespread continuity of values with older and younger generations. In Europe and North America boomers are widely associated with privilege, as many grew up in a time of affluence. One of the features of Boomers was that they tended to think of themselves as a special generation, very different from those that had come before them. In the 1960s, as the relatively large numbers of young people became teenagers and young adults, they, and those around them, created a very specific rhetoric around their cohort, and the change they were bringing about.
MTV Generation, youth of the late 20th and early 21st centuries who are heavily influenced by popular culture and mass media.
The term first-generation, as it pertains to a person’s nationality or residency in a country, can imply two possible meanings, depending on context:
A foreign born citizen or resident who has immigrated to a new country of residence: e.g., “first-generation” migrant
This ambiguity is captured and corroborated in The Oxford English Dictionary’s definition of “generation”:
…designating a member of the first (or second, etc.) generation of a family to do something or live somewhere; spec. designating a naturalized immigrant or a descendant of immigrant parents, esp. in the United States…. (OED definition of “generation,” section 6b., emphasis added)b
In the United States, among demographers and other social scientists, the term “first generation” is used to refer to foreign-born residents (excluding those born abroad of American parents).
There is not a universal consensus on which of these meanings is always implied.
The term 1.5 generation or 1.5G refers to people who immigrate to a new country before or during their early teens. They earn the label the “1.5 generation” because they bring with them characteristics from their home country but continue their assimilation and socialization in the new country, thus being “halfway” between the 1st generation and the 2nd generation. Their identity is thus a combination of new and old culture and tradition. Sociologist Ruben Rumbaut was among the first to use the term to examine outcomes among those arriving in the United States before adolescence.
Depending on the age of immigration, the community into which they settle, extent of education in their native country, and other factors, 1.5 generation individuals will identify with their countries of origin to varying degrees. However, their identification will be affected by their experiences growing up in the new country. 1.5G individuals are often bilingual and find it easier to be assimilated into the local culture and society than people who immigrated as adults.
Many 1.5 generation individuals are bi-cultural, combining both cultures – culture from the country of origin with the culture of the new country. @https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigrant_generations…
The term “second-generation” extends the concept of first-generation by one generation. As such, the term exhibits the same type of ambiguity as “first-generation,” as well as additional ones.
Like “first-generation immigrant,” the term “second-generation” can refer to a member of either:
the second generation of a family to inhabit, but the first to be natively born in, a country, or
the second generation to be born in a country.
In the United States, among demographers and other social scientists, the term “second generation” is used to refer to the U.S.-born children of foreign-born parents. The Japanese in North America use the Japanese term “nisei”, which means the “second generation”, to refer to this.
The term second-generation immigrant has attracted criticism due to it being an oxymoron. Namely, critics say, a “second-generation immigrant” is not an immigrant, since being “second-generation” means that the person is born in the country and the person’s parents are the immigrants in question. Generation labeling of immigrants is further complicated by the fact that immigrant generations may not correspond to the genealogical generations of a family. For instance, if a family of two parents and their two adult children immigrate to a new country, members in both generations of this family may be considered “first generation” by the former definition, as both parents and children were foreign-born, adult, immigrants. Likewise, if the two parents had a third child later on, this child would be of a different immigrant generation from that of its siblings. For every generation, the factor of mixed-generation marriages further convolutes the issue, as a person may have immigrants at several different levels of his or her ancestry.
These ambiguities notwithstanding, generation labeling is frequently used in parlance, news articles , and reference articles without deliberate clarification of birthplace or naturalization. It may or may not be possible to determine, from context, which meaning is intended.
1.25 and 1.75 Generations
Rubén G. Rumbaut has coined the terminology “1.25 generation” and “1.75 generation” immigrants, for children who are closer to birth or full adulthood when they immigrate. Children ages 1 to 6 are referred to as 1.75 generation immigrants, because their experiences are closer to a true 2nd-generation immigrant who was born in the country they live in, while children ages 13 and up are referred to as 1.25 generation immigrants because their experiences and adaptive outcomes are closer to that of a first-generation immigrant.
When demographers and other social scientists in the United States use the term “second generation,” they usually refer to people with at least one foreign-born parent. Some researchers have begun to question whether those with one native-born parent and those with no native-born parents should be lumped together, with evidence suggesting that there are significant differences in outcomes between the two groups.