Posts Tagged ‘Arakan State’

IX. Recommendations to the Government of Burma, UN and world

April 22, 2013

IX. Recommendations

To the Government of Burma

Justice and Accountability

  • Fully, promptly, and impartially investigate those responsible for serious abuses in connection with the sectarian violence in Arakan State and prosecute them fairly to the fullest extent of the law, regardless of rank or position.
  • Agree to the establishment of an independent international mechanism to investigate serious violations of international human rights law, including possible crimes against humanity, committed by security forces and non-state actors in Arakan State.
  • Provide unfettered access to Arakan State for the United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in Burma, and for representatives of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
  • Authorize and facilitate establishment of an OHCHR office in Burma with a mandate for rights protection, promotion, and technical assistance; and permit OHCHR to set up branch offices as needed elsewhere in the country, including in Arakan State.
  • Invite the UN special rapporteur on freedom of religion and belief to visit and report on the situation in Arakan State.


VIII. Legal Standards: Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing

April 22, 2013

VIII. Legal Standards: Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing

Crimes Against Humanity

Many of the serious abuses committed against the Rohingya and other Muslims in Arakan State since June 2012 amount to crimes against humanity.

According to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), crimes against humanity are certain criminal acts, including murder, torture, and persecution “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack.”[349] International legal jurisprudence provides that the attack must be widespread or systematic, but need not be both.[350] “Widespread” refers to the scale of the acts or number of victims and a “systematic” attack indicates “a pattern or methodical plan.”[351] The attack must also be part of a state or “organizational” policy. [352]


အစိုးရကိုယ္တိုင္ ပါ၀င္က်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ လူမ်ဳိးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္မႈႀကီးအတြင္း အၾကမ္းဖက္သတ္ျဖတ္ျခင္းခံခဲ့ရေသာ အျပစ္မဲ့ မြတ္စလင္မ္မ်ား စာရင္း

January 27, 2013
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Human Rights Watch: “The Government Could Have Stopped This”

August 2, 2012

Human Rights Watch: “The Government Could Have Stopped This”

Sectarian Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma’s Arakan State

Map of Northern Arakan State
Summary and Key Recommendations
I. Background
II. Violence in Arakan State since June 2012
III. Human Rights Violations by State Security Forces
Government Failure to Protect Victims of Sectarian Violence